Pablo Fajardo: abogado del pueblo y de la Amazonía

15 de agosto de 2019; publicado originalmente el 12 de junio de 2019 en Vatican News

Autores: Manuel Cubías – Jean Charles Putzolu

Las empresas transnacionales, muchas veces han mostrado su desprecio hacia los llamados países tercermundistas expoliando sus recursos. Las luchas de los campesinos y los indígenas contra estos gigantes pareciera destinada al fracaso. No luchar sería aceptar el suicidio colectivo.

Las palabras pobreza, lucha, entrega compromiso son parte fundamental de la historia latinoamericana. Muchos hombres y mujeres han creído en ellas y han dado su vida día a día, o de manera definitiva, para hacerlas realidad en sus países o en sus comunidades locales.

Pablo Fajardo es uno de esos casos. Un hombre venido de la periferia de la sociedad ecuatoriana y que ha querido servir a los habitantes de los márgenes sociales de su país.  

Vino a la vida en la cintura del mundo, en Ecuador. País sudamericano con 31 volcanes activos y cerca de 17 millones de habitantes.

Desde su juventud ha estado presente en la vida de Pablo Fajardo la lucha por la defensa de los pueblos indígenas. En 2011, junto con la Unión de Afectados por Texaco (UDAPT), institución que agrupa a más de 30,000 personas de origen indígena y campesino, consiguieron un fallo en su favor por 9,500 millones de dólares para reparación social y ambiental.

La transnacional abandonó Ecuador y no ha cumplido, hasta el día de hoy, con el fallo legal de la Corte de Sucumbíos. Lo que sí sigue presente es la huella imborrable de muerte y contaminación.

Pablo Fajardo nos cuenta su historia (tells us his story)

La marca del origen

En palabras de Pablo Fajardo: “Yo nací en la costa ecuatoriana, en El Carmen, Manabí. Vivíamos en el campo, mi familia vivía en la extrema pobreza. Todo lo que producíamos y comíamos era natural. Lo producíamos con nuestro trabajo. Comíamos lo que mi padre y mis hermanos producían.

La pobreza nos impulsó hacia el norte, a la provincia de Esmeraldas, donde buscábamos mejores condiciones de vida. Después de unos años, migramos hacia la región amazónica. Primero fueron mis hermanos, luego mis padres y, yo con ellos.

Cuando llegamos a la Amazonia viví un fuerte contraste, porque me enfrentaba a dos realidades: una era la Amazonía llena de espíritus, de susurros, olores y sabores, llena de calor, de agua, de insectos y animales, en fin, llena de vida. La otra Amazonía era la contaminada, que tenía dificultades, que moría.

Junto a estos dos contrastes estaban los pueblos indígenas, los pueblos originarios, que han vivido aquí por miles de años y cuya relación con la naturaleza, con el agua, con el aire, con los animales es mucho más profunda. Me topé con la espiritualidad de la selva, con los árboles. Esta es una experiencia mucho más profunda. Estos son los recuerdos que tengo de lo que era la vida. Lo que recuerdo.

Soy el quinto de diez hermanos. Mi padre es campesino, tiene ahora 91 años de edad. Él nunca aprendió a leer ni a escribir. Soy afortunado porque aún vive. Mi madre tiene 84 años, también vive y es campesina. Sabe leer y escribir solo un poco. Todos trabajamos para vivir. De mis hermanos, ninguno logró estudiar en la universidad. Lamentablemente, algunos solo lograron acabar la secundaria, otros ni eso. Esto pasó por razones económicas. Por la pobreza. Ella era la que iba determinando quién podía y quién no podía estudiar.

En mi caso, yo pude estudiar en la universidad y graduarme porque pude contar con el apoyo de la gente de mi comunidad, con el apoyo de los padres Franciscanos Capuchinos y de varios pueblos que me apoyaron para que pudiera estudiar.

Hay una cosa importante que quiero contarles. Mi padre nunca aprendió a leer ni escribir. Para él los documentos escritos no tenían ningún valor. El valor lo da la palabra. Él decía que los documentos pueden romperse, pero que la palabra dada no puede romperse. Esto lo veía en cada momento: cuando querían hacer algo, un trabajo, siempre hacían acuerdos de palabra.

En el mundo actual, hay muchas cosas que han ido cambiando: si no es un documento escrito no vale. Pero, la tradición de los pueblos anteriormente era la palabra. ¡Sería lindo que regresásemos a eso, para que la palabra realmente tenga su valor y sea respetada por todos!”

Para más información, en español, por favor haga clic aquí.

¡Llamado a la acción!

The Crowd vs. Chevron Oil Spill in Ecuador

Amazon people want access to justice in the Supreme Court of Canada for the reparation of their lands. Read more…

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¿Quieres ayudar donando (ver arriba) o convirtiéndote en un activista en línea (aquí)?

Damos la bienvenida a la oportunidad de ayudarle. En nuestra página Sea la Diferencia, después de la filosofía de Mohandas Gandhi, permitimos que sus ideas creativas y su trabajo se muestren para ayudar en este caso.

¡Comparte tu arte e inspiración para hacer del mundo un lugar mejor para todos nosotros!

Enlace a UDAPT.org website.

Lawyer for Affected by Chevron/Texaco Speaks about the Partnership between UDAPT and The Crowd Versus

Pablo Fajardo Explains UDAPT’s Relationship with The Crowd Versus

English Translation

In the personal words of Pablo Fajardo, attorney for the UDAPT Organization, representing the over 30,000 people affected by the oil pollution left behind in Lago Agree, Ecuador:

When we decided to make this agreement with The Crowd Versus, we did so after researching the work they do. Certainly, there have been many offers from various other platforms that attract resources, but it seems to us that the work of The Crowd Versus is perfectly aligned with that of UDAPT, which is a work that is attached to the social struggle, to the defense of the rights of nature, of human rights, of indigenous peoples, and of access to justice. So The Crowd Versus policy is really fully compatible with the dreams, with the aspirations, with the struggle of UDAPT, and this identifies us fully with the work.

Call to Action:

Do you want to help by either donating (here) or becoming an online activist (here)?

We welcome the opportunity to help you. On our Be The Difference page, after the philosophy of Mohandas Gandhi, we enable your creative ideas and work to be showcased to help this case.

Share your art and inspirations to make the world a better place for all of us!

Link to UDAPT.org website; link to UDAPT’s post here.

Spanish Transcript

Cuando decidimos hacer este acuerdo con The Crowd Versus lo hicimos previa investigación del trabajo que ellos hacen. Por cierto, han existido muchas ofertas de varias otras plataformas que captan recursos, pero nos parece que el trabajo de The Crowd Versus es perfectamente coerente con lo de la UDAPT, que es un trabajo que está pegado a la lucha social, a la defensa de los derechos de la naturaleza, de los derechos humanos, de los pueblos indígenas, y del acceso a la justicia. Entonces la politica de The Crowd Versus es realmente compatible plenamente con los sueños, con la aspiración, con la lucha de la UDAPT, y esto nos identifica plenamente con el trabajo.

We Support the People of Ecuador

We, the students of the HKU (University of the Arts Utrecht), are working on a special project to support the case ‘The Crowd vs. Chevron oil spill in Ecuador.’

We made a substance that looks like oil and it works!

Soon you will discover what it’s for…

students of the HKU
HKU student busy developing an oil-like substance

Check below for more information about the Chevron v. Ecuador case:

The Crowd vs. Derrame de Chevron en Ecuador

93% financiado
¡Hemos recopilado €13,901.09 del €15,000.00 que queremos recopilar para este caso!
The Crowd reclama El juicio contra Chevron por parte de las comunidades de la Amazonía ecuatoriana plantea dos cuestiones fundamentales que los tribunales canadienses deben decidir: (1) ¿La justicia deberiá dar prioridad a los derechos…

Canadian Supreme Court denies justice to Indigenous Ecuadorians

Filed in Environmental justice by Friends of the Earth on April 4, 2019

Picture credit: Tiputini River and rainforest, Yasuni National Park, Amazon, Ecuador. (Pete Oxford/Minden Pictures/Corbis); Read more at Smithsonianmag.com.

On April 4th 2019, the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the appeal in the historic case of the Indigenous people of Ecuador versus Chevron, which has become known as the “Amazonian Chernobyl” due to its devastating impact on the region.

The Ecuadorian plaintiffs seek to enforce a judgment by Ecuador’s highest court ordering Chevron to pay more than $9.5 billion dollars for clean-up of the pollution  caused by deliberately negligent operation of oil fields.

Canadian court rulings

The ruling represents a step backward for the Union of People Affected by Chevron-Texaco (UDAPT) of Ecuador and victims of corporate crimes around the world. The Supreme Court of Canada could have adopted an innovative forward-looking approach with respect to corporate responsibility, justice and equity by ensuring Indigenous communities have access to justice and reparations.

By denying the appeal, the Supreme court chose to continue with the interpretation of the current laws which favour corporate impunity.

“It’s regrettable that legal technicalities and the lack of money pose obstacles to access to justice for people who are victims of corporate crimes. In spite of the decision in Canada, our quest for justice will continue,  and we will initiate legal proceedings in other countries,” said Willian Lucitante, Coordinator of UDAPT.

The Supreme Court of Canada previously recognized this lawsuit as public interest litigation. But the judges of the Ontario lower court declared that “[t]here is a difference between economic reality and legal reality”, so the laws in force should not be modified.

If the laws are changed, the Ecuadorian lawsuit could affect Canadian companies and force them to prioritize human rights above their business interests.

Pablo Fajardo, the lawyer for the Indigenous people and peasants affected by Chevron said “It is regrettable that, once again, a country demonstrates that justice is structured to protect and guarantee impunity for transnational corporations. The Supreme Court of Canada did not get a chance to hear the merits of the Ecuadorian case and only resolved not to accept the appeal. Our lawyers did not get the opportunity to explain the ramifications of Chevron’s legal structure, which protects it from lawsuits by those impacted by their negligent operations. This is a disastrous precedent for social struggles, for rights and justice”.

Seeking justice for over 25 years

The communities’ lawsuit for justice and reparation has been advancing through the courts for over 25 years. This trial has become an emblematic demonstration of impunity that allows transnational corporations to suffer no consequences when they violate Indigenous and human rights. 

UDAPT organization and background

The UDAPT is a grassroots organization made up of six Indigenous Nations and more than 80 peasant communities, representing over 30,000 people affected by the oil company Texaco and their irresponsible activities in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Texaco, acquired by Chevron in 2001, contaminated more than 450.000 hectares of virgin forest (that is more than 650,000 soccer fields!).

The oil company dumped crude oil, toxic waters and polluting gases that affected ecosystems, the population’s health and cultural systems, security and food sovereignty, which increased poverty and exclusion.

This contamination has had a serious impact on the health of the UDAPT community; causing the highest rates of childhood leukemia in Ecuador. Cancer deaths are one hundred and thirty percent more frequent and the mortality risk is two hundred and sixty percent higher than in other parts of Ecuador. Cancer accounts for thirty two percent of total deaths, 3 times more than the national average.

On top of these challenges, Chevron uses all means to obstruct the communities’ access to justice while  the contamination of the soil and rivers of the Ecuadorian Amazon continues. Every year people die without hope of reparation for future generations.

Working at binding treaty at United Nations level

During the past years, UDAPT along with hundreds of non-profit organizations that stand for human rights has joined with international efforts, whose aim  is to lobby for the creation of a binding treaty on transnational corporations and human rights at the United Nations.

The emblematic battle of the Ecuadorians against Chevron has unveiled the structure of impunity that allows transnational corporations to get away with gross human rights violations and environmental damage.

For additional comments by Willian Lucitante, check the website of texacotoxico.net.

The Crowd Versus will continue to crowdfund for their legal needs

The Crowd Versus will continue to seek donations and crowdfund for this very important case. The indigenous peoples and Ecuadorian people stand at the front line of the defense against climate pollution by irresponsible governments and corporations.

The UDAPT have a judgment and they seek enforcement to achieve justice.

We believe they will prevail.

If you do, too, then show your faith here or become active on their behalf here.

Chevron vs. Ecuador: International Arbitration & Impunity (ISDS case)

21 March 2019; Posted by Pancho Lopez and published at Blogspot and Bilaterals.org (in Spanish)

En Febrero de 2011 la Justicia ecuatoriana emitió un histórico fallo sentenciando a la Corporación petrolera Chevron-Texaco a pagar 9,500 millones de dólares por contaminar la Amazonía Ecuatoriana (1964-1992).

Sin embargo, Chevron recurrió al sistema de arbitraje de diferencias Inversor-Estado – ISDS y demandó al Ecuador en la Corte Permanente de Arbitraje (CPA) con sede en la Haya alegando violaciones al Tratado Bilateral de Inversiones (TBI) firmado entre Ecuador y EEUU.

En Agosto de 2018, un panel de arbitraje privado de la CPA falló en favor de Chevron, ordenando a Ecuador anular la sentencia en favor de los afectados.

Se trata de un laudo ilegal, inconstitucional e inaplicable, que va en contra del ordenamiento público internacional.

Pablo Fajardo y Justino Piaguaje, abogado y representante de la Unión de Afectados por Chevron-Texaco (UDAPT) respectivamente, explican por qué este laudo vulnera la soberanía del Ecuador y constituye un grave caso de impunidad corporativa que sienta peligrosos precedentes para la defensa del medio ambiente y los Derechos Humanos y colectivos.

Labels: Ecuador vs Chevron Imperialist Justice – Just Us ISDS Private Transnational Arbitration Courts Trampling On Rights of People & Weaker States Utter Pollution Above National Laws

A UN Treaty to Reduce Corporate Impunity Advantages

4 March 2019

OPINION: A promising negotiation is taking place at the UN Human Rights Council. A legally binding treaty on business and human rights could give victims transnational corporations’ malpractice a lot more power to pursue the justice they deserve. The EEB is stepping up its efforts to make the most of this opportunity to achieve environmental justice globally.

By Nick Meynen, European Environmental Bureau (EEB)

Photo credit: By Henry Mühlpfordt – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

In 1993, Ecuadorian citizens sued Texaco (that became Chevron) for leaving behind a massive amount of deadly pollution from decades of oil operations in the Amazon Rainforest. Twenty years and an unprecedented legal ordeal later, Ecuador’s Supreme Court ordered Chevron to pay $9.5 billion to clean up. Chevron refuses and instead paid a vast army of lawyers and PR firms to sue the victim’s lawyers and discredit them and Ecuador’s Supreme Court. The EEB crowdfunded for the lawyers who defend the 30.000 Ecuadorean plaintiffs. They are still proceeding the case in Canada. 26 years after opening a court case that they won at the highest level six years ago, the victims still face massive pollution problems and corporate impunity.

This case explains why it was Ecuador who took a bold initiative. In June 2014, the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva adopted a resolution drafted by Ecuador and South Africa. An open-ended intergovernmental working group with the mandate to elaborate an international legally binding instrument on Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with respect to human rights, chaired by Ecuador, was established. After three sessions in 2015, 2016 and 2017, a ‘zero draft’ of this new legally binding treaty on business and human rights was presented.

The EEB has written to the the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to comment on the draft. Francesca Carlsson, Legal officer for the EEB:

“We regret that that there is no mention of the need to protect Human Rights and Environmental defenders and journalists from abuse, harassment, criminalization and harm. It is often thanks to the work of defenders and the media that victims are able to organize themselves to claim their rights. There should be dissuasive measures on corporations and governments that use methods to silence defenders.”

In the past decade, the number of environmental defenders killed, often on the order of or by the transnational corporations that this treaty tries to regulate, has gone from one a week to four a week.

Carlsson also said that in order to truly have justice for victims, “it is important that they are given the opportunity to ask the courts for injunctive measures, including relief.” She also listed a list of positive elements in the draft that should not get compromised in further negotiation stages. The draft of this treaty attempts to widen the scope of jurisdiction for victims, allowing them to benefit from the most protective legislation. Multinational corporations already have the means to benefit from “forum shopping”, picking the countries with the legislation most favorable for their case.

The legally binding treaty on business and human rights is a promising initiative that could seriously improve global environmental justice. That is sorely needed, given the fast-rising global environmental justice movement, which is linked to the ever increasing amount of environmental conflicts, which the EEB also helps to map in the Atlas of Environmental Justice. The treaty is also a direct opposite of the Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) mechanisms adopted in trade deals, as they expand the powers of transnational corporations. The EEB is one of 100s of organizations behind an European campaign that calls for rights for people and rules for corporations. Aside from stopping ISDS, the organizations behind this campaign want the EU to fully engage with the UN Treaty on business and human rights.

You can join the more than 500.000 Europeans who support this campaign here.

Originally published by Nick Meynen at metamag.org, link here

Support Against ISDS Decision in Chevron v. Ecuador Case

28 November 2018

Several declarations and letters have been addressed to the President of the Republic, Lenín Moreno and the State Attorney, Íñigo Salvador.

The letters consisted of the following:

The signatories of these letters concur in asking the Ecuadorian authorities to be guarantors of Human Rights. They ask the Ecuador government leaders to reject the application of the decision of the arbitration tribunal.

On the contrary, there remains a risk that the power of the oil company will force Ecuador, through coercive mechanisms, to discard the judgments, setting a serious precedent against the sovereignty of the State.

What can you do?

Just as in other posts, you can have your voice join others who believe #HumanRights trump #CorporatePrivileges and spread awareness through your friends and family, through posting this onto social media channels which in turn will inspire other, like-minded folks. You can start here with a number of options.

UDAPT Tells Story of Battle for Justice on New Website

UDAPT Tells Story of Battle for Justice on New Website

One of the biggest oil spills in the history of our planet happened in the Amazon rainforest in Ecuador, contaminating an area of almost 5 000 square km. They seek justice in, what is called in legalese, “reparations.”

The word reparations mean money. They need this money not to enrich themselves, but to build health care facilities and programs for their people. And their lands with contaminated oil pits need to be further cleaned up, a monumental challenge and task.

The affected communities and peasants have united themselves in the UDAPT organization. For 25 years they have been seeking this type of justice for their peoples through the courts.

UDAPT needs as much help as possible, especially social media attention and money for their worthy cause.

That’s why they developed a new website. On the new UDAPT website you can read about the people involved, the effects on the communities, the programs they have developed so far, and the long legal battle for justice.

How You Can Help Online

Read more about the case on the case page. Or on social media. Check out UDAPT on Twitter, and The Facebook of UDAPT.  Likes and re-posts are very much appreciated.

Frequently Used Hashtags (#):

If you want to share the message of UDAPT, please use the following hashtags:

#UDAPT #LifeWithoutContamination #StopCorporateImpunity #StopChevronImpunity #LaLuchaContinua #ChevronCulpable #ChevronCleanUp #ChevronToxico #tratadovinculante

If you use these, we can find your help, like and/or re-post it!

Why do you want to share or donate?

This Case Is About Human Environmental Rights for All of Us

This case also deals with human rights versus corporate interests. It is about corporations learning to conduct social enterprise: the cost of doing business in larger terms of just taking from the earth and changing it into money.

The facts of this case: in the Amazon rainforest in Ecuador, the oil company Chevron-Texaco left a contaminated mess behind the size of 1 850 square miles (4 800 sq.km). From 1964 – 1990, Chevron-Texaco used inadequate and obsolete oil extraction methods, and ended up dumping toxic waste and crude oil into pits in the jungle.

When they left the area, the local communities stayed behind with contaminated water and oil pits. Nobody in the communities knew the oil would be so bad for their health. Children played in the waters, not knowing the effects long-term. This led to much higher disease rates and even deaths in their communities.

United in UDAPT

Six indigenous nationalities and 80 peasant communities, who had lived and live in these contaminated areas, began the nonprofit organization called UDAPT (Union of People Affected by Texaco). In 1993, UDAPT started the first case against Chevron (then Texaco) for the damage in the provinces of Sucumbíos and Orellana.

The goal was to make Chevron repair the contaminated Northern Ecuadorian Amazon — the lungs of our earth — and provide health care for the people.

Chevron Refuses to Pay

In 2013, the National Court of Justice of Ecuador ordered the multinational Chevron Corporation to pay US $ 9.5 billion in order to build health care programs and restore contaminated areas.

When the case started, Chevron had promised to submit to the judgments of the Ecuadorian courts. In the end, the oil giant refused to pay for the damages.

Since then, the UDAPT-plaintiffs have had to seek enforcement of this Ecuadorian verdict in other countries, where the oil company does have assets (funding to provide healthcare and repair the damages).

Finally this year, their case has landed before the Supreme Court of Canada to seek justice, after a long struggle of appeals and arguments. The case has now achieved the status of a landmark case because of the legal issues it claims and encompasses.

It now functions as an example for other, similar cases about human environmental rights, after 25 years of litigation.

Thank you for helping, wherever, whenever.

18 October UDAPT Marches in Geneva, Switzerland

UDAPT Marches in Geneva in Support of Climate Alliance

18 October 2018

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D345rsuUvSE&feature=youtu.be

YouTube film by Klima-Allianz Schweiz, 18 October 2018

The UDAPT, the Ecuadorian organization that represents over 30,000 peoples, 6 indigenous tribes, and peasants who are negatively affected, to this day, by the polluted messes left behind by Chevron-Texaco in their Amazonian backyard, participated in a march held in Geneva, by the Climate Alliance Switzerland.

The battle against climate change cannot be won without social justice.

 

Show your support by sharing widely, please and thank you!

 

Ecuador Case Debate Invitation on 25 October 2018

DEBATE INVITATION AT INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL STUDIES, The Hague, Netherlands

 

By Letty Fajardo Vera; submitted 17 October 2018

ENTITLED: Justice for Whom in Recent Chevron-Ecuador Decision by Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration?

On Thursday 25th October from 17:00 – 19:00 hours

At The Institute of Social Studies, Kortenaerkade 12, 2518 AX Den Haag

 

Four Ecuadorian Courts have condemned Chevron for its responsibility for oil pollution in the Amazon, including the Ecuadorean Constitutional Court in July 2018 in a landmark case for environmental justice.

However on August 30 2018, the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the “investment state dispute settlement mechanism” ordered the State of Ecuador not to enforce its judgment against Chevron.

Instead, the Hague Court imposed a penalty on Ecuador. This decision infringes not only the human rights of the victims, but also heavily affects the sovereignty of the Ecuadorian State and the status of its Constitution.

This event highlights the nature and impact of environmental crimes perpetrated by Chevron on the Amazon’s indigenous peoples in Ecuador. It also examines the dynamics and functioning of national and international legal instruments on crimes by transnational corporations. In particular, it focuses on the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, a key international site of international investor-state arbitration.

How does it operate?

Who are the judges?

How are its judgments reached?

Why are trade and investment agreements prioritized over national, regional and international human rights laws?

Is this what “The Hague the City of Justice” is all about?

What can we do about this?

 

Speakers:

Ms. Roeline Knottnerus, SOMO-TNI. Trade & Investment Policy Advisor. She will focus on why the rights of investors appear to override all other legislation and whether we can reset this imbalance through a Binding Treaty on Business and Human Rights.

Mr. Justino Piaguaje, Leader of the Siekopai Indigenous  People and Member of the Executive Board of the UDAPT (Union of the Affected People by Chevron-Texaco).

Mr. Pablo Fajardo Mendoza, Lead Lawyer for the UDAPT (Union of the Affected People by Chevron-Texaco) on the Chevron Case. He will explain how International Arbitration Tribunals are a danger to the sovereignty of the peoples.

 

Schedule of the event: 17:00- 19:00 pm

Welcome to ISS: Teyo van der Schoot, Human Rights Senior Advisor (3 minutes)

Moderator:  Siobhán Airey, Research Fellow, University College Dublin & TNI

Translator: Anna Berti Suman, Environmental & Health Law Researcher, Tilburg Law School.

Section 1 – Ms. Roeline Knottnerus, SOMO-TNI. (10-15 minutes)

Mr. Pablo Fajardo Mendoza, Lead Lawyer UDAPT. (10-15 minutes)

Mr. Justino Piaguaje, Leader of the Siekopai Indigenous people. (10-15 minutes)

We strive to make this part a dynamic discussion that sees active participation from both panelists and audience regarding the discussed topics.

Section 2 – Questions and answers

Section 3 – Wrap-up, Letty Fajardo Vera (2- minutes)

 

Organized by: @UDAPT @iss.nl @StopCorporateImpunity