Should We Care About a Coal Mine In Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa?

“Through wilderness we remember and are brought home again.”

Sir Laurens van der Post

By Ronit Shapiro, Creator and Producer – Sisters of the Wilderness, Founder – One Nature

Published 25 July 2019

In 2005 I was asked to organise an event at the Royal Geographic Society in London, to raise awareness to Africa’s wild nature. The keynote speaker at the event was the late Dr. Ian Player, a much beloved South African conservationist and a deep-thinking writer. Little did I know at the time that this meeting with Dr. Player would make such a profound impact on my life.

Hearing Dr. Player talk was a great inspiration and touched something deep within. Then reading his books, in particular Zulu Wilderness, Shadow and Soul, made such an impression that this led me to change my entire career. 

Ronit Shapiro

After working in corporate communications for many years I decided to use my creativity and story-telling skills to tell stories that matter. I want to share the untold universal stories that need to be heard, those stories that can make a real difference to timely social and environmental issues affecting us all.

Passionate about the wellness of people and the environment, I intuitively felt that human and nature interconnect. I got affirmation to my intuitive feeling when I read the works of great writers, philosophers, poets and naturalists, and especially when spending time in nature.

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

In 2010 I wrote to Dr. Player and asked his permission to make a film inspired by his life and pioneering work in the wilderness. Dr. Player lived and worked in the African wilderness nearly all his life. He fought to protect wilderness and promoted a worldview of interconnectedness and deep ecology.

Over many years, he and his Zulu mentor and bush guide, Baba Maqgubu Ntombela, introduced thousands of people to the iMfolozi Wilderness, an ancient wilderness which nestles within the oldest game park in Africa, the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi park in Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. 

Dr. Player wholeheartedly supported my initiative to make a social impact film set in the wilderness. He invited me to visit him and his wife Ann in his farm Phuzamoya, in the Natal Midlands in South Africa.

This was the beginning of four extraordinary life-changing years of in-depth mentorship by Dr. Player, and a special friendship developed with him and his dear and wise wife Ann. Sadly, Dr. Player passed away at the end of 2014. His passing created a deep void. At the same time, I was determined to continue with the film and social impact projects.

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

I aspired to create a moving image story to reconnect audiences with nature and raise awareness to the value of nature to our well-being. In particular I was drawn into the African wilderness, which is unlike any other wild nature, with its primordial wildlife and fauna.

A moving experience, that I had on a wilderness journey in iMfolozi, gave me confidence that this is where the film should be set and that this precious wilderness must be protected. Here an ageless spirit survives and one can sense a spiritual connection to the land. 

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

The iMfolozi valley was home to the first people of Southern Africa and later became the heartland of the Zulu people, who lived here in harmony with nature and with great respect (inhlonipho) to Mother Earth and all creation. This is also the place where the Southern White Rhino was saved from extinction. This wilderness is alive and it enriches and revitalises its visitors, physically and spiritually. 

In the film, I wanted to ‘transfer’ the audience to this primal place where no barriers separate human and nature. A journey into this wilderness is an intense experience where one can expect to undergo a personal transformation. It is a place of great inspiration.

Sadly, the iMfolozi Wilderness is now severely threatened. An existing open cast coal mine on the eastern border of the wilderness is expanding regardless of its devastating impact on nature, the surrounding rural communities and their livestock. Moreover, there are additional proposed coal mines in very close proximity to the park’s southern boundary which threatens to devastate even further this fragile nature ecosystem and the nearby communities.

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

Wild nature is fast disappearing due to humanity’s careless and irresponsible behaviour over generations. But we can stop this destruction! If we allow ourselves to pause and listen to nature and appreciate the value of nature to our wellbeing, and let nature remind us that we are nature and nature is us and what we do to nature we do to ourselves; that if we harm nature, we harm ourselves. When we develop an awe and reverence to nature, for nature sustains and nourishes us, we will be on the path to avert the destructive trend.

To that end I created Sisters of the Wilderness

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

The film, which takes one on an immersive journey within and without into the African wilderness, tells the story of five young Zulu women going into the iMfolozi wilderness on a journey of healing and self-discovery. On their journey they learn about the plight of this primordial wilderness from an open-cast coal mine on its border and an intensifying rhino poaching calamity.

Credit: photograph still from documentary “Sisters of the Wilderness” by Ronit Shapiro

Sisters of the Wilderness is not just a film. It is also a social impact project which aims to make a difference to timely and important social and environmental issues. The project’s key impact goals are: 

  • Young people empowerment and leadership development, using the power of wild nature, with a special focus on women empowerment.
  • Re-connect audiences to wild nature and raise awareness to the value of nature to our well-being.
  • Help the efforts to save the iMfolozi wilderness from the threat of unsustainable mining and the illegal hunting of its rhinos and other endangered species.

The film is now screening in film festivals worldwide.

Please follow our Facebook page Sisters of the Wilderness and share with your friends. Thank you!

Call to Action

If you wish to support my project, host a screening of the film in your organisation, event or to a special interest group, or distribute the film in your part of the world, please contact me directly at

The Crowd Versus works to support the defence of the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Wilderness through the foundation Save Our Wilderness.

If my article motivated you to help The Crowd Versus, you can get involved by being creative (link here) or to contribute to the case of The Crowd Versus Destructive Mining in Zululand. Thank you!

The Crowd vs. Destructive Mining in Zululand

Coal companies and the South African government have to stop with coal mining that puts Zululand and its people in danger and threatens the world’s greatest concentration of rhinos in the wilderness area of the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Game Reserve.  Read more …

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Monsanto’s reasons for fighting GMO labelling? It loves you.


#GMO #Monsanto #organic #food #foodsafety

Fed up with Monsanto meddling in our food chain?

Then help stop them and the other large multinationals (Bayer, DuPont, etc.) from establishing their farming practices and seed control in Mexico, the country of origin for corn.

The Crowd vs. GM Mais in Mexico

Stop Monsanto en andere multinationals die genetisch gemodificeerd (GM) maïs willen verbouwen in Mexico, waardoor boeren geleidelijk worden gedwongen om ook GM maïs te telen, de biodiversiteit aangetast wordt en Mexicanen hun cultureel erfgoed en levensstijl dreigen te verliezen. Lees meer …

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Re-published with permission; 17 July 2019

Nature Cleans Our Mess (Slowly)

Like it or not: our current society is heavily dependent on fossil oil.

Together we use the staggering amount of around 100 million barrels per day. Next to increasing global warming by the combustion of oil to CO2, fossil oil has other detrimental environmental effects.

Inevitable losses and spills occur in the production, refining and transport of oil. The most notorious spill of recent time is the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Following an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon platform, an estimated five million barrels leaked directly from the oil well into the Gulf of Mexico. We all know the pictures of birds covered in black crude, and the harmful effects of oil spills on ecosystems requires little argument.

Does this oil stay forever in an eco-system after a spill? No, because some tiny lifeforms happily degrade this oil in nature.

To understand this, we need some basic biology. Humans, animals and any other living organisms need energy and building blocks to survive. If we eat a tasty tomato, the sugars, lipids and other carbon-rich compounds in the tomato are digested to supply us with energy and building blocks. The same holds true for bacteria, fungi and other microbial life: they all need carbon-rich food to stay happy. There is an enormous microbial diversity on Earth, and the preferred choice of food differs from microbe to microbe. Most like sugar, some thrive on lipids and a few can’t resist a meal of fossil oil.

In lab-scale experiments some species of bacteria effectively degrade fossil oil. And in oil-spill areas, such as the seawater around the Deepwater Horizon well, considerable numbers of oil-degrading bacteria are detected.

Does Nature thereby clean up the mess we created?

Not entirely, unfortunately. This is because bacteria need more than just food to live a happy life. Bacteria need a suitable temperature, other nutrients like nitrogen and phosphate, and some need oxygen. Only when this criteria are fulfilled, bacteria can consume and degrade oil effectively. In laboratory-experiments optimal conditions can easily be met, and oil-degrading bacteria perform very well under these circumstances. Creating optimal conditions for bacterial oil degradation at, for example, the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico is however practically impossible. The consequence is that oil is degraded, but at a much slower rate than theoretically possible.

In the very, very long term Nature will indeed clean up the oil we spilled, but it’s not fast enough for the people living in the area. They are affected in their everyday life, and the remarkable ability of Nature to clean up our mess should not slow down our efforts in creating renewable forms of energy.

Our planet might be patient, but can we wait that long?

By Peter Mooij, written under personal title

Ter ondersteuning van The Crowd Versus Olie Vervuiling in Ecuador en Milieuvervuiling in Gemeente Ede


Origineel deels gepubliceerd in 2 februari 2019

Waarom kies ik voor een doel zoals de rechtszaak van Chevron v. Ecuador? Gelukkig staat milieuvervuiling op iedereen hun netvlies tegenwoordig, omdat we begrijpen dat het allemaal met elkaar verbonden is.

En dan heeft de rechtszaak Chevron v. Ecuador mijn voorkeur omdat het over vervuiling van het grondwater gaat, en de Ede zaak gaat ook over grondwater vervuiling, maar dan wel van een andere orde.

Het gebied wat in Ecuador ernstig vervuild is, betrekt een oppervlakte van ongeveer 480,000 hectare. 100 hectare is 1 000 000 m2. Een voetbalveld is gemiddeld 6770m2. Dan, omgerekend in voetbalvelden, betrekt dat 4 800 000 000 gedeeld door 6770.

Dat zijn bijna 710 000 voetbalvelden. Ik kan mij dat niet voorstellen. Jij?

Vandaar dat ik mijn artikel, hieronder met jullie allemaal deel. Zodat wij samen het verschil kunnen maken en zijn.

Het stond afgelopen woensdag 30 januari in de Staatscourant: Waterschap Vallei en Veluwe heeft een vergunning verleend aan Waterschap Vallei en Veluwe. Dat klinkt een beetje raar, jezelf een vergunning verlenen. Alhoewel, ik doe dat zelf ook zeer regelmatig. Vaak betreft het dan een afspraak met mezelf over iets wat ik eigenlijk niet zou doen en wat ik ook beter zou kunnen laten. Koekjes, bier en dat soort dingen.

De vergunning die het Waterschap zichzelf verleend heeft betreft toestemming om vervuild grondwater op te pompen en via een pijp ongezuiverd in de Rijn te lozen. Het grondwater is vervuild met onder andere sulfaat door de voormalige Edese kunststoffabriek ENKA en bevindt zich onder Ede’s grondgebied in wat bekend staat als de zogenaamde ‘sulfaatpluim’.

De verantwoordelijke instanties achter het lozingsplan, naast het waterschap, de Provincie Gelderland en de gemeente Ede, noemen dit lozen ‘saneringswerkzaamheden’. Maar in feite wordt er niet gesaneerd, maar verplaatst.

‘Zijn ze nu helemaal gek geworden’ hoor ik u roepen, dat is toch niet van deze tijd?’ Nee inderdaad, de vervuiling is ontstaan in een andere tijd. Een tijd dat er bij vervuilende productieprocessen niet zoveel aandacht voor milieugevolgen was. Dit betekent dus dat je latere generaties met je probleem opzadelt. Die latere generatie zijn wij. En wat doen wij? Wij schuiven het door naar de volgende generaties. Het is namelijk niet denkbeeldig dat dat oppompen en lozen wel honderd jaar gaat duren. En daarbij gaat het niet alleen om sulfaat maar ook om andere veel schadelijker stoffen.

Kan dat niet anders? Ja dat kan anders maar dat kost geld en het kost al zoveel geld. De provincie beraamt de kosten van het ongezuiverd lozen op de Rijn op € 10.690.000, maar ook dat bedrag is niet helemaal zeker. Het alternatief, zuivering van het grondwater, zou minimaal één miljoen extra kosten. Zou, want helemaal duidelijk is dat ook niet. Wel duidelijk is dat de overheid, provincie en gemeente Ede, voor de kosten opdraaien.

Laat de ENKA of haar juridische opvolger, de AKZO, dat betalen, volgens het principe ‘de vervuiler betaalt’ is hier een logische gedachtegang. Jammer genoeg werkt dat niet zo. Allerlei wettelijke en juridische obstakels schijnen dat onmogelijk te maken. Zo spraken de provincie, de gemeente en de ENKA in 2006 af dat de ENKA verantwoordelijk was voor de vervuiling op ENKA terrein en dat de overheid de vervuiling daar buiten voor zijn rekening zou nemen. Alleen wist men toen nog niet hoeveel dat zou gaan kosten……

Wat vinden onze volksvertegenwoordigers daarvan? In ieder geval GroenLinks was en is steeds zeer kritisch geweest over deze voorgenomen lozing. Echter dat deed ze als oppositiepartij. Sinds vorig jaar is GroenLinks in Ede collegepartij. Sterker nog, GroenLinks wethouder Lex Hoefsloot is verantwoordelijk wethouder voor het ENKA dossier.

Dat ontslaat de andere partijen niet van hun verantwoordelijkheid, maar het maakt deze kwestie wel tot een politiek extra gevoelig dossier. Wat doet de GroenLinks wethouder, wat doet de Edese GroenLinks fractie, wat vindt de GroenLinks achterban? Vooralsnog is alleen die laatste vraag te beantwoorden.

Mijn Oproep

Help je mij? Help je ons? Alvast mijn hartelijke dank. Doneer dan hier: Chevron v. Ecuador.

Mijn kinderen, jouw kinderen en familie, vrienden, wij zijn je dankbaar.